Since the assumption of power by the Ethiopian peoples Revolutionary
Democratic Front (EPRDF) and the Eritrean Peoples Liberation
Front (EPLF) at the end of May 1991, conditions in Ethiopia are fast
leading toward a state of civilwar engulfing the whole nation. The
major reason is the policy of balkanization of the country along ethinic
lines adopted by the EPRDF as basic to its programm of divide and
This has led to the unnecessary intensification of regional, cultural,
ethnic, and religious confrontations with the potential of dismembering
the country, the consequences of which are broad and harmful to all.
In the abscence of a strong voice on behalf of all Ethiopians who
deplore this impending fratricidal catastrophe, and because of the
urgency of the situation, it has become necessary to organize Ethiopians
commited to peace, unity and democracy, equality, and developement
for the purpose of producing a unified and dedicated leadership to
save the country from artificially induced ethnic conflagration. With
this as a central them, an independant, multi-ethnic and united parzy
called THE ETHIOPIAN MEDHIN DEMOCRATIC PARTY (MEDHIN) has been established.
The party, at ist founding congress, adopted the following statement
of principles and objectives.
The Rule of Law and Civil Rights
Medhin strongly believes that the state has primary responsiblity
of safeguarding, nurturing and ensuring the human and democratic rights
of citizens. These include certain inalienable rights such as the
right to life, liberty and theright to own property in which the state
cannot arbitrarily interfer. Medhin is committed to the primacy of
the rule of law in all acts of government and to the prohibition of
any violation of the rights of citizens without due process of law.
Thus Medhin advocates the elimination of any act of
torture or exessive use of force on the human person, imprisonment
or detention without due process of law, searches and seizures without
a court warrant, and abridgement of the right of movement, of freedom
of expression, thought and religion, of the right to a free press,
and of the right to fair compensation for properties appropriated
by the state for public use. There will be equality before the law
for all citizens without regard to sex, religion, race, or ethnic
origin. There will be an independent and impartial judicial system
safeguarding individual rights. In this regard, Medhin unequivocally
adopts the UN and OAU declerations on humanrights as its own.
Multi-Party Federal Democracy
Medhin advocates the establishment of a parliamentary
federal multi-party democracy in Ethiopia. This will be accomplished
by subdividing the country with the full consent and participation
of the people, in to self-governing entities (Rasgez kilil). These
self-governing entities or regions will become the conistituent members
of the Ethiopian Federation. Medhin strongly believes that democratic
federalism will bring about a sharing of political power between the
federal government, the self governing regions, and the people. Medhin
believes that it is only when the people participate freely in the
affairs of the their governmentthat the social, political, and economic
crisis Ethiopians have faced over the last several decades could be
resolved satisfactorily. Medhin proposes to consider the constitutions
of the United States , India and Switzerland as reference models in
the careful drafting of a federal constitution for Ethiopia.
Ethiopia like many countries in the world, is a mosaic
of numerous regional, cultural, and linguistic groups, each proud
of ist own history, culture and language. Medhin is strongly commited
to the principle of the equality of all the groups that constitutes
Ethiopia. To realize this principle the government shall provide sufficient
commitment and legal protection to enhance and develop the cultures
and languages of each of the diverse groups in the nation, and guarantee
the free and open participation in the affairs of their government.
This, Medhin believes, can be achieved by devolving power through
a decentralised system of a federal structure with self-govrning regions
as constituent members of the federation.
Free Market Economy
Medhin is commited to a free market economic system
for Ethiopia. No limits shall be put on the rights of citizens to
engage, individually or jointly, in the production and distribution
of goods and services. Private land ownership shall not be restricted.
The state shall encourage and safeguard the operation of a free market
system, provide necessary social services and build the countrys
infrastructure to facilitate the operation of a free market economy.Foreign
investors will be encouraged, through conductive incentives, to participate
in the economic activity of the country and to introduce modern technology.
The state shall provide scientific and technical support to farmers
to enable them to improve productivity, achieve food self sufficiency,
and to facilitate the marketing and distribution of farm products.
Medhin is committed to Ethiopias unity, souverinity
and territorial integrity as a nation-state which extends to her internationally
recognized borders on land, air, and sea. Medhin is committed to the
principle of the rights of nations to self determination, a principle
which served the sacred purpose of liberation from colonial domination,
and which is consistent with the principle of the souvereignty and
territorial integrity of nation-states as enshrined in the U.N. Charter
and other international covenants. Medhin does not subscribe to the
erroneous notion that the principle of self determination can be used
to break up a souvereign state on the basis of race, religion, cilture,
Peace and Reconciliation
Medhin believes that the mutual interests of the diverse
groups in Ethiopia by far exceed their differences and special interests.
As a result, Medhin is strongly committed to a peaceful resolution
of disputes through an independent and impartial judicial system.
It will establish relevant, customary dispute settlement institutions
both at the federal and regional levels of government, and will encourage
and promote the resolution of such disputes through dialogue, and
Furthermore, Medhin will work for the immediate convening of a genuinely
representative all-inclusive national reconciliation conference focusing
on the critical political, ethnic, religious, and cultural problems
facing the country.
Medhin believes that Ethiopias foreign policy
should be based on the principles of peaceful relations, mutual respect,
and non-interference in the internal affairs of any nation state.
It expresses its commitment to all international obligations that
Ethiopia entered into freely, legaly, and on the basis of equality.
It is committed to co-operation in all matters of global concern and
shall work towards the implementation of the principles enunciated
in the Charters of the Organization of African Unity, the United Nation
and ist affiliates, other regional and international organizations.
Medhin is committed to establish a federal, multi-party democracy
firmly rooted in the principles of freedom, equality, liberty and
justice for all. It is dedicated to rid Ethiopia of war, hunger, disease,
poverty and economic backwardness by marshalling its human and natural
resources. Recognizing that inter-ethnic harmony and reconciliation
is a prerequisite to national unity and economic development, Medhin
will place at the top of ist national agenda the process of discourse
for the peaceful resolution of the sectarian and ethnic conflicts
generated by the policies of EPRDF. Medhin is committed to the use
of dialogue and negotiations to resolve domestic, regional and international
conflicts whenever and wherever possible. In furtherance of its stated
objectives, Medhin will co-operate with all democratic forces, inside
and outside the country, commited to the principles of freedom, equality,
justice and the unity of Ethiopia.